For the last couple of week ends, I was hacking around Silverlight interactions and behaviors. Mainly, the objective was to learn the Interactivity system in depth, and in the process, I’ve done few interesting hacks.
And thus born Slex project, Silverlight Experimental hacks. :). Slex is built on top of System.Windows.Interactivity framework, and supports a couple of interesting Triggers and Actions.
Note: Slex is updated. Please read Slex For Silverlight Preview 2
This is the intro screen of the related demo, and I’ll explain a bit on each item. The download link is towards the end of this post.
As an introduction, here are few cool things you can already do with Slex.
1 – Simple example of an Event Trigger in Slex
Assume that you need invoke a command, when an event is fired. You can do the same by hooking up an InvokeCommandAction inside an EventTrigger (Note that this EventTrigger is a custom implementation in Slex namespace).
<i:Interaction.Triggers> <slex:EventTrigger ElementName="txtData" EventName="KeyUp"> <slex:InvokeCommandAction CommandName="UpdateDataCommand" /> </slex:EventTrigger> </i:Interaction.Triggers>Alright, I hope that looks cool. Now, what if you want to invoke the command if and only if a check box (named myCheckBox) is checked, and the user is pressing the 'A' key? Here we go.
<i:Interaction.Triggers> <slex:EventTrigger ElementName="txtData" EventName="KeyUp"> <slex:InvokeCommandAction CommandName="UpdateDataCommand"> <slex:InvokingConditions> <slex:InvokingCondition Property="Argument.Key" Value="A"/> <slex:InvokingCondition ElementName="myCheckBox" Property="IsChecked" Value="True"/> </slex:InvokingConditions> </slex:InvokeCommandAction> </slex:EventTrigger> </i:Interaction.Triggers>
2 – Simple example of a Property Trigger in Slex
Now, what if you want to fire a command, when a property of an element (or even a property in your View Model changes)? Here we go. You can do the same by using PropertyTrigger.
<i:Interaction.Triggers> <slex:PropertyTrigger ElementName="txtData" Property="Text"> <slex:InvokeCommandAction CommandName="UpdateDataCommand"> <slex:InvokingConditions> <slex:InvokingCondition Value="Hello"/> <slex:InvokingCondition ElementName="myCheckBox" Property="IsChecked" Value="True"/> </slex:InvokingConditions> </slex:InvokeCommandAction> </slex:PropertyTrigger> </i:Interaction.Triggers>
As you can see, this will fire your UpdateDataCommand, when the Text Property changes. Also, you may or may not specify the conditions for the PropertyTrigger, just like we did for the EventTrigger.
3 – Simple example of InvokeMethodAction
In the previous examples, we’ve seen how to use InvokeCommandAction to invoke an ICommand in your view model. What about Invoking methods directly in your View Model? Here we go. Consider the following view model, that has a simple Add method to add two numbers.
Now, this is how to Invoke Add, so that ‘Data’ will get updated. Here is the UI and the XAML part.
As you can see, we have two text boxes where the user can enter the value, and a button where the user clicks to invoke the Add operation. Let us see the Xaml for this.
You may notice that, we are sandwiching an InvokeMethodAction inside an EventTrigger for the button click, and specifying the parameters in the order expected. Please note that the number of parameters should match the number of arguments of your Method.
Also, you can either tie your MethodParameterValue against properties of any other UI Element, or may point it to the view model. (Check out the SourceType property of MethodParameterValue).
Concepts - Brief Overview
Presently Slex supports a couple of triggers including
- EventTrigger – You can tie an event trigger against an element, or against your view model. Fired when an event is raised
- PropertyTrigger – You can tie a PropertyTrigger against an element’s property, or against a property in your view model. Fired when the property value changes
Also, Slex has a couple of abstract classes, including EventBasedTrigger and ObserverTrigger, and you may use the ObserverTrigger to create custom triggers that make use of System.Reactive extensions. More later.
You can sandwich Actions inside your Triggers. Few actions presently available are
- InvokeMethodAction – Invokes a method in your view model, or a method of a UI Element. You can have a collection of Method parameters in your InvokeMethodAction. See example below.
- InvokeCommandAction – Invokes a command in your view model
All Slex actions supports a set of Invoke Conditions, where you can specify multiple conditions for Invoking the commands.
About the source code - A first source drop is available at http://slex.codeplex.com. Go and click the Download link. Presently the drop is a VS2010 project, but you should be able to make the code run in VS2008 as well, by copying the source files and doing a bit of hacking, and modifying the references here and there.
This is a very very crude version, almost a POC. There are lot of things to do (there are quite a few bindings getting created as of now :)), lot of optimizations to be done, lot of unit tests to be written (I know, there is a suicidal absence of unit tests as of now). Also, I still need to see how this works with Blend :(.
I’ll blog soon on some other enhancements I’ve in mind, so follow me in twitter. Also, I’ll explain further few hacks I made around the Rx API, and the Dependency property listening side, by next week end. Happy Coding!!